Experts have said that many places in the country, including Kathmandu, have been experiencing high levels of air pollution for the past one year.
According to doctors, the pollution has led to more serious problems for the chronically ill, problems with childbirth in pregnant women, and even in healthy people over time, affecting the lungs, heart, skin, and nervous system.
Assessing the adverse impact on the health of students, the government has decided to close schools across the country till Friday.
Environmental officials and meteorologists say the current hailstorm is likely to continue for a few more days as there is no immediate possibility of rain or high winds.
What are the health problems?
A physician working as a respiratory and critical care specialist at a private hospital in Kathmandu, Dr. Raksha Pandey immediately said that the problem was due to pollution in asthma patients.
“Shortness of breath and coughing without fever have been added to patients with asthma,” she said.
“Even if you don’t come to the hospital, many people start complaining of eye pain, sore throat, itchy skin, itchy nose and cold.”
Respiratory experts say that the effects of air pollution on human health have been unintentional for some time now.
Dr. Pandey added, “People are starting to feel the problem in a day or two due to the high level of pollution. Studies have shown that the effects of pollution can be reduced in our overall life expectancy.”
Risk of ‘congenital problems’ in infants
According to doctors, prolonged exposure to toxic air can have a detrimental effect on the fetus.
A respiratory specialist working in a government hospital in Kathmandu, Dr. “Low birth weight has led to congenital heart problems and other diseases,” says Ashesh Dhungana.
As the tiny particles in the air reach the blood vessels, they can cause heart problems.
Dr. Dhungana says, “Since the lungs are the first means of air entering our body, there is only an immediate high effect on it. Otherwise, it is affecting everyone.”
Such problems increase the risk of stroke, affect the bladder and digestive system, and increase the risk of various types of cancer in the long run.
Discussion of artificial rain to remove pollution
Meteorologists and environmentalists say that there should be heavy rains or wind to remove the current dust and air pollution immediately.
However, the Department of Water and Meteorology has said that there is no possibility of immediate rain and strong winds.
Apart from pollution and health problems, some people have also discussed ‘artificial rain’ on social media.
Under this measure, an attempt is made to make rain by using a cannon or by spraying a compound called silver iodide in the clouds.
In this method called cloud seeding, small vapors are integrated into a large cloud and made to rain.
Neighboring countries such as China and India are said to be using pollution control to reduce drought.
Is it possible to make artificial rain in Nepal in the current situation?
The meteorologist Dr. about the usefulness of that method. Arani Pandey says, “Even if there is a little bit of water in the smoke now, it is not likely to rain.”
“There are no clouds in the sky of Nepal like this now.”
Pandey says that using this method can cause problems where water that falls in one place falls in another place and falls in other places instead of where it is needed.
“The best way to do cloud seeding is to artificially water it before the clouds naturally water it.”